Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ectoedemia atricollis parasite

Ectoedemia atricollis (Stainton, 1857) pinch-barred pigmy on woody Rosaceae Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, prov. Namur, Boneffe, 4.x.2018 © Jean-Yves Baugnée (along the leaf margin also an unfinished mine of Stigmella regiella) Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Liege, Ben-Ahin 25.ix.2018 © Stéphane Claerebout mine, upper side; note the exit slit mine, underside mine…

Ectoedemia atricollis larva parasite

Ectoedemia atricollis Crataegus monogyna, Nieuwendam. The venter-upwards position of the larva is obvious because the ventral ganglia are recognisable as a string of dark spots. Prunus avium, Belgium, prov. Liège, Liège, Coteaux de la Citadelle: young larva, still bearing black ventral plates; © Jean-Yves Baugnée The larva is greenish white…

Crataegus host plants

…24b mine begins in the leaf blade => 26 25a frass in the entire mine brown-black or black; larva whitish: Ectoedemia atricollis 25b frass red-brown in the initial corridor, black in the secondary blotch; larva yellow: Stigmella regiella 26a initial corrior wholly or largely free from the leaf margin, with…

Prunus host plants

…25b corridor not contorted; larva yellow or green => 27 26a mine quite small; corridor very strongly contorted; on Prunus spinosa & domestica: Ectoedemia spinosella 26b mine not exceptionally small; corridor somewhat contorted; on Prunus avium & mahaleb: Ectoedemia atricollis 27a mines ends in a primary blotch; mainly on Prunus…

Bohemannia pulverosella parasite

…the initial corridor. The frass is brown; it almost fills the initial corridor; in the blotch it is concentrated in its first section. Pupation external; exit slit invariably in the lower epidermis (In Ectoedemia atricollis, of which the mine bears some resemblance to the one of pulverosella the exit slit…

ventral plates glossary

Mostly brown plates at the ventral side (rarely also at the dorsal side) in some larvae of the genus Ectoedemia; they only occur in the youngest stages. young larva of Ectoedemia atricollis in its mine….

Staphylea host plants

Staphylea bladder-nut Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine: Coleophora violacea 1b contorted corridor, starting at a black, shining, globular egg shell, and ending in a blotch: Ectoedemia atricollis 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species The occurrence of Caloptilia fribergensis and Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae on bladder-nut is…

Stigmella hybnerella parasite

…distinguish the species from Ectoedemia atricollis, which mine sometimes resembles the one of hybnerella. synonyms Nepticula hybnerella; Stigmella ignobilella (Stainton, 1849). Steuer (1995a) gives a picture of the mine, but incorrectly calls it S. perpygmaeella, while what he shows as hybnerella in reality is S. regiella. references Ahr (1966a), Beiger…

Malus host plants

…mine through a lower-surface exit slit, June-July: Bohemannia pulverosella 27b frass in the blotch distributed over its entire length; exit slit upper-surface; August-October: Ectoedemia atricollis 28a tubular silken case: Coleophora trigeminella 28b pistol case => 29 28c lobe case => 30 28d leaf case => 31 29a “handle” with earlike…

Mespilus host plants

…the begin; blotch practically without frass; corridor not following the leaf margin: Lyonetia prunifoliella 18a initial corridor always following the leaf margin; frass here warm brown: Stigmella regiella 18b initial corridor often free from the leaf margin and in that case strongly contorted; frass in the corridor black: Ectoedemia atricollis

Sorbus host plants

…24a case 8-11 mm, mouth angle 90°: Coleophora hemerobiella 24b case 6-7 mm, mouth angle 60°: Coleophora spinella Not included in the key: Bucculatrix thoracella; Callisto pfaffenzelleri; Coleophora coracipennella, currucipennella, kroneella, prunifoliae, serratella; Ectoedemia atricollis; Lyonetia prunifoliella; Parornix anguliferella; Phyllonorycter blancardella, deschkai, hostis, oxyacanthae, cerisolella; Stigmella hahniella, hybnerella, mespilicola, torminalis….

Pyrus host plants

…corridor shorter, may be devoid of frass; larva chamber indistinct => 17 17a corridor narrow, branched, without frass: Recurvaria nanella 17b corridor relatively broad, hook-like, in a vein axil, containing much frass: Bucculatrix bechsteinella 18a initial gallery quite narrow and strongly contorted; larva greenish white: Ectoedemia atricollis 18b gallery starts…

genus Prunus host plant genus

…malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella amygdali leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella prunetorum leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner…

Prunus cerasifera host plant species

…leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia spinosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella prunetorum leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche gaunacella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Prunus avium host plant species

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella prunetorum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Leucotelium cerasi leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Prunus mahaleb host plant species

…pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner main Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum areolatum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Tranzschelia arasbaranica leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Tranzschelia discolor leaf pustule…

Prunus domestica subsp. insititia host plant species

…oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spinicolella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

Mespilus germanica host plant species

…Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella regiella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae stem scale Diaspididae…

October, 2018 news

new pictures Aceria kuko, leioprocta; Adscita statices; Aequsomatus annulatus; Calycomyza humeralis; Cheilosia caerulescens; Coccus hesperidum; Cosmopterix orichalcea; Contarinia pseudotsugae; Ectoedemia atricollis; Neuroterus quercusbaccarum; Phyllosticta paviae; Ramularia bistortae; Taphrina crataegi….

Staphylea pinnata host plant species

bladdernut organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus staphyleae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

…clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia semifusca leaf miner Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia nebulella leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora geniculata leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule…

Pyrus communis host plant species

…doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella minusculella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyri leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella stettinensis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora abbreviata leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium…

September, 2017 news

…cilicrus; Contarinia coryli, loti; Dothidella ulmi; Ectoedemia atricollis; Erysiphe divaricata, tortilis; Eudarluca caricis; Euura weiffenbachiella; Frommeëlla mexicana; Hemichroa crocea; Hybolasioptera fasciata; Kuehneola uredinis; Leucoptera malifoliella; Liriomyza pisivora; Macrolabis pilosellae; Mayetiola agrostidis, bromicola, culacera; Melampsora laricis-populina; Melampsorella symphyti; Mikiola fagi; Ophelimus maskelli; Paraconiothyrium tiliae; Parallelodiplosis galliperda; Phyllobrostis fregenella; Phyllonorycter sorbi; Pseudomicrostroma…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia semifusca leaf miner Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia nebulella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium gracile leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Ovatus…

Malus sylvestris host plant species

…leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta malinellus leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium…

genus Malus host plant genus

…leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta…

genus Mespilus host plant genus

…Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella regiella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae stem scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

…miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyrivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella stettinensis leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora abbreviata leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium dobozrakovae leaf…

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia semifusca leaf miner Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia nebulella leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora geniculata leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium cornutum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium torminali-juniperini leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium tremelloides leaf…

genus Staphylea host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus staphyleae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis unknown vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae tulipaellus…

Crataegus laevigata host plant species

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus subaeneus leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis

Crataegus monogyna host plant species

…sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella paradoxa leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella perpygmaeella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

Malus domestica host plant species

…pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta malinellus leaf pustule aecia…

September, 2018 news

new miner for the Benelux Cosmopterix orichalcea new pictures Aceria hippophaena, vitalbae; Adelges tardus; Aphis craccivora; Aproceros leucopoda; Argyresthia glabratella; Ascochyta caulina; Aulacidea hieracii; Aulagromyza similis; Carulaspis juniperi; Chromatomyia ramosa, soldanellae; Clinodiplosis cilicrus; Coleosporium tussilaginis; Commophila aeneana; Cosmopterix pulchrimella; Cryptomyzus galeopsidis; Dasineura berberidis, epilobii, phyteumatis; Diastrophus mayri; Dothidella ulmi; Ectoedemia